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5 Diseases That Increase In Summer


After the easing of the Covid-19 pandemic limitations, we are trying to experience all the beauties of the summer season, paying attention to other protection methods, especially social distance. However, there are some rules that we must follow while enjoying sunny days in hot weather. In case of neglecting them, important health problems such as sunstroke can develop and chronic diseases can worsen. Acibadem Taksim Hospital Internal Medicine Specialist Dr. Edvin Murrja states that 3 methods of protection are vital in hot weather, and it is essential to avoid the intense sunlight, drink plenty of water and not forget to rest, in order to have a healthy summer season. Acibadem Taksim Hospital Internal Medicine Specialist Dr. Edvin Murrja mentioned 5 diseases that there is an increase in the incidence of these diseases in summers and the precautions we should take and gave important warnings.

5 Diseases That Increase In Summer

“Sun stroke; after exposed to the sunshine a few hours; It indicates itself with nausea, vomiting and fever. If the situation worsens, it can become a serious health problem with loss of consciousness” said Internal Medicine Specialist Dr. Edvin Murrja. He continues his words as follows: “Although taking shower with warm water and drinking plenty of fluids is sufficient in mild cases, patients who experience these findings more intensely may require intravenous treatment in the hospital environment.”

How should it be protected?

  • Do not choose pools where chlorination and water change is not sufficient.
  • Make it a habit to drink plenty of water.
  • Do not hold your urine.
  • Wear cotton underwear.
  • Avoid tight and fitting clothing.
  • Do not use soap for cleaning the genital area.

With the increase of air temperature, it is easier for microbes to reproduce and spoil food. Diarrhea with abdominal pain and high fever may begin after consumption of spoiled and contaminated food or water contaminated with germs.
Dr. Edvin Murria states: ”Summer diarrhea usually resolves spontaneously in 1-2 days, but if the time is prolonged and fluid loss increases, it is necessary to apply to the hospital for treatment. Otherwise, electrolyte disorders and kidney disorders may be faced”

The substances used to disinfect the pool water can cause allergies and irritations in the eyes. On the contrary, the low use of these substances can cause various eye infections. If there is watering, redness, itching, burning and swelling in the eyes, it is necessary to be examined by an ophthalmologist and start to use eye drops. If there are these symptoms, it is necessary not to swim in the pool without treatment in order not to infect anyone else and to prevent infection or allergies.

How should it be protected?

  • Try not to eat out.
  • Prefer products stored in fridge.
  • Wash fruits and vegetables very well.
  • Pay attention to frequent hand washing.
  • Consume well-cooked foods.

How should it be protected?

  • Be careful not to enter the swimming pools with lenses.
  • Do not forget to use swimming goggles.

Outer ear infection, manifested by ear pain, discharge or redness, likes moist and warm environments.
Therefore, even frequent watering in the summer season alone can cause an increase in external auditory canal infections.

How should it be protected?

  • Be sure to use earplugs, especially if you are prone to infection.
  • Do not swim in pools that you are not sure about its hygiene.
  • Do not scratch or clean your ears with objects such as cotton swabs.
  • It is very important to keep your ears dry. Dry the outer part of the ears, which remain moist after bathing or swimming, with a towel or cloth. If you wish, you can set the hair dryer to the lowest setting and dry your ears from 30 cm away.
  • When taking a shower, make sure that no water gets into your ear as much as possible.

Watch out for chronic diseases!
Extreme temperatures adversely affect individuals with chronic diseases. In cases where fluid loss is high with sweating, which is a heat reducing mechanism; especially diabetes, heart and kidney diseases can worsen. Internal Medicine Specialist Dr. Edvin Murrja reminds that these patients with more sensitive vascular structures may have difficulty in keeping up with sudden and major changes. He also indicates: “This situation can cause problems such as hypertension, fluid loss in the body, heart rhythm disorder and kidney failure. Every day 2-3 liters of fluid intake, rest and avoiding intense sun exposure are the simplest and most effective measures.”


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